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Table 1 Use of egress components in relation to different egress strategies

From: Fire evacuation in high-rise buildings: a review of human behaviour and modelling research

Egress strategy Egress component(s)
Total evacuation - Stairs
- Elevators
- Stairs + Elevators
- Stairs + Sky-bridges
- Stairs + Elevators + Sky-bridges
- Stairs + Elevators + Sky-bridges + Refuge floors
- Alternative means of escape (+other component(s) depending on the mean of escape)
Phased evacuation - Stairs
- Elevators
- Stairs + Elevators
- Stairs + Sky-bridges
- Stairs + Elevators + Sky-bridges
- Stairs + Elevators + Sky-bridges + Refuge floors
- Alternative means of escape (+other component(s) depending on the mean of escape)
Delayed evacuation - Stairs + Refuge floors
- Stairs + Elevators + Refuge floors
Defend in place - Refuge floors (areas of refuge)