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Table 2 Scope of variations in mattress designs

From: Assessment of factors affecting fire performance of mattresses: a review

Mattress parameters Description Variations
Height Between 10.16 cm and 50.8 cm (4 in and 20 in)  
Sizes Twin (96.5 cm x 187.9 cm ( 38 in x 74 in)), Full (134.6 cm x 187.9 cm (53in x 74 in)), Queen (152.4 cm x 203.2 cm (60 in x 80 in)), King ( 193.0 cm x 203.2 cm (76 in x 80 in)) and California King (182.8 cm x 213.3 cm (72 in x 84 in)) 5
Construction Single-sided and double-sided 2
Mattress geometry Smooth top, Tight top, Pillow top, Super pillow top, Euro top, Box pillow top. 6
Mattress core Open coil with or without foam encasement, Pocket coil with or without foam encasement, Foam, Viscoelastic, Latex, and Air 8
Foundation geometry Steel/wood box continental (22.8 cm (9 in)) and 7.6 cm (3in)); Steel/wood Taped (22.8 cm (9 in) and 7.6 cm (3in)); Wood box (22.8 cm (9in)); Wood box, cardboard taped ( 5.0 cm (2in )); No box 7
Upholstery/ fillings Numerous combinations of fiber, fabric and foams ~ 100
Ticking Highly variable > 1000
Total variations excluding ticking variations: 5 x 2 x 6 x 8 x 7 x100 = > 336,000
  1. * Bedclothes include a mattress pad, two bed sheets, a bed pillow with pillowcase and two blankets.