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Table 3 Heat release test data (as measured according to test method (open furniture calorimeter) described in Cal TB 129) for various mattress constructions (Damant & Nurbakhsh [1992])

From: Assessment of factors affecting fire performance of mattresses: a review

Mattress description PHRR (kW) Ceiling temperature (°C) Mass loss in 10 min (kg)
Type Filling Other    
Innerspring Conventional non-FR PUF Without foundation 337 ± 57 376 ± 104 8.300
   With foundation 366 375.5 9.389
   With bedclothes* 528 454 11.249
  California TB 117 grade FR PUF foam Without foundation 296 ± 84 277 ± 61 7.574
   With foundation 416 400 9.480
  Highly filled melamine type foam - 453 ± 95 458 ± 59 9.842
  Neoprene type foam - 48 ± 28 75.5 0.589
  Neoprene type foam - 50 ± 24 100.5 0.589
  2.54 cm (1 in) conventional non-FR PUF pad Shredded polyester fiber insulator pad Reinforced vinyl cover 335 282 4.762
  1.27 cm ( ½ in ) conventional non-FR PUF pad FR cotton batting-boric acid treated Shredded polyester fiber insulator pad Reinforced vinyl cover 29 75.5 0.181
  FR cotton batting-boric acid treated Boric acid treated insulator pad Reinforced vinyl ticking 17 69.4 0.090
  FR PUF foam Vinyl ticking, Topper pad of FR foam and glass barrier 65 123 1.723
  FR cotton batting Woven ticking with aluminized barrier 100 142 2.857
  FR cotton batting Vinyl ticking 71 127 2.086
  FR cotton batting/ FR insulator pad Non-woven FR barrier quilted to Cal 117 foam and FR woven ticking, 60 129 2.313
  Fire barrier ( thin layer of highly fire resistant cellular foam bonded to fiberglass fabric) - 22 63.3 0.226
  Fire barrier ( highly engineered fire resistant cover fabric) - 20 70 0.090
  Boric acid treated cotton filling - 22 ± 1 65.5 0.408 ± 0.206
Solid core foam FR PUF foam Vinyl ticking 85 117 2.117
  Highly filled melamine type foam Woven ticking 62 134 1.587
  Boric acid treated cotton - 22 73.8 0.362
  Conventional non-FR PUF - 1716 1031 3.764
  California TB 117 grade FR PUF - 339 406 7.983
  Highly filled melamine type foam - 39 86.6 0.816